Posted by: Jul 28, 2023

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Mediation

If you are facing a business dispute, you may want to consider mediation instead of taking your case to court. Mediation is a process that involves the assistance of a neutral third party to help two sides reach a mutually acceptable resolution. When considering what the advantages and disadvantages of mediation are, savvy entrepreneurs understand that while mediation is extremely cost-effective, it is also non-binding. That means that you may be able to resolve your dispute cheaply, but there is no guarantee you will reach a resolution.

Therefore, even though mediation has gained popularity as an alternative to litigation, it is essential to consider its advantages and disadvantages before deciding whether it is the right approach for a particular situation. In this article, the Curley Law Firm team will explore the advantages vs disadvantages of mediation to help you see if mediation is right for your dispute. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us today.

The advantages and disadvantages of mediation are:


  • Cost-effective
  • Time-saving
  • Confidential
  • Empowering
  • Relationship-preserving


  • Non-binding
  • Power imbalances
  • Limited legal protection
  • Unequal participation

Advantages of Mediation

Mediation is Cost Effective 

One of mediation’s advantages is that it is often more cost effective than going to court. Litigation can be expensive due to the cost of discovery, attorney fees, court costs, and other legal expenses. In contrast, mediation typically involves fewer formalities and takes less time, resulting in reduced costs for all parties involved. Though mediation is typically most effective when you have a strong attorney guiding you through it, mediation’s less formal structure can drastically reduce legal fees.

Mediation Saves Time

Another advantage of mediation is its relative quickness compared to litigation. Court processes can drag on for months or even years. Conversely, mediation allows parties to work at their own pace and schedule sessions that suit their availability. This flexibility can expedite the resolution process and help parties move forward more promptly. Sometimes, parties are even able to resolve long-simmering disputes within hours.

Mediation Is Confidential

The mediation process is confidential, which can be a significant advantage for parties who want or need to keep their dispute private. Unlike court proceedings, which are often public, mediation allows parties to have open and honest discussions without fear of their statements being used against them in the future. Confidentiality encourages parties to freely express their concerns, interests, and potential solutions.

Mediation Gives the Parties Control and Flexibility

The parties can actively participate in mediation and have the opportunity to express their perspectives and needs. The flexible nature of mediation allows for creative solutions that might not be available in a court setting. This flexibility often leads to more satisfying and tailored outcomes for all parties involved. Mediation can also help the parties feel like the outcome is collaborative, which can be helpful if the parties must continue to do business.

Mediation Focuses on Preserving Relationships

Mediation focuses on finding common ground and fostering understanding between parties. By working collaboratively, mediating parties can preserve their relationships and promote a cooperative environment. This is especially valuable in situations where ongoing interactions are necessary, such as within businesses, families, or workplaces. 

Disadvantages of Mediation 

Mediation is Non-Binding

One of mediation’s disadvantages is that the process is non-binding. Unlike a judge or arbitrator, a mediator is not a decision-maker. Rather, the mediator facilitates negotiations, and the final outcome relies on the parties’ voluntary agreement. In some cases, this may result in an impasse if the parties are unable to reach a mutually satisfactory resolution.

Mediation Can Fail When the Balance of Power Between the Parties Is Too Great

Mediation assumes that parties have relatively equal bargaining power and ability to advocate for their interests. However, there may be situations where power imbalances exist, such as disputes between couples with a history of domestic violence or disputes between individuals and large organizations. In such cases, the disadvantaged party may feel pressured to agree to terms that are not truly in their best interest. Cases like these call for the guidance of an experienced attorney. 

Mediation Offers Limited Legal Protection

While mediation can provide a forum for parties to express their concerns and explore potential solutions, it does not offer the same legal protections parties would find in a court of law. The mediator’s role is not to provide legal advice or enforce legal rights. Therefore, parties involved in mediation should consult with legal professionals to ensure that the process adequately protects their rights.

Mediation Can Inspire Unequal Participation

Since mediation is optional, it requires the active participation and willingness of all parties involved. If one party is uncooperative or unwilling to engage in good faith negotiations, mediation may not be successful. In such cases, other methods of dispute resolution, such as arbitration or litigation, may be necessary.

Speak with a Professional Mediator at the Curley Law Firm Today

Attorney Adam Curley is both an experienced mediator and business lawyer. He can guide you through mediation, helping you to avoid the expense of a trial while maintaining valuable business relationships. If you are involved in a business dispute and want to pursue mediation, contact us today.